Tuesday, 25 October 2011

Ruling on praying with rolled up sleeves


I am reading Fatwa 11796, regarding the sleeves and searched for this hadith but couldnt find the relevant hadith. But as a contradiction, I found this hadith:

Volume 7, Book 72, Number 677: Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 72:
Narrated Abu Juhaifa:

I saw Bilal bringing an Anza (a small spear) and fixing it in the ground, and then he proclaimed the Iqarna of the prayer, and I saw Allahs Apostle coming out, wearing a cloak with its sleeves rolled up. He then offered a two-Rakat prayer while facing the 'Anza, and I saw the people and animals passing in front of him beyond the 'Anza.

Please explain whether it is permissable to pray with your sleeves folded with evidence.

Praise be to Allaah.


Rolling or tucking up a garment - whether that means rolling
up the sleeves and baring the arms or rolling or tucking up the hem and
baring the lower legs -- is all makrooh according to the majority of

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not
permissible to pray with one's sleeves or garment rolled up and the like, or
with one's hair braided or with one's hair wrapped up beneath the turban and
so on. All of that is not permissible according to the consensus of the
scholars, and it is makrooh in the sense of being discouraged and not
proper. If a person prays like that, he has done something wrong but his
prayer is valid. End quote. Sharh Muslim, 209. 

In Fath al-Qadeer (1/418), which is a Hanafi book, it

It is also makrooh to pray with the sleeves rolled up, baring
the forearms. End quote. 

In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj (2/162), which is a Shaafa‘i
book, it says: 

It is makrooh to wrap or tie his hair or roll or tuck up his
garment, such as rolling up his sleeves or tucking up his hem, even if he
only did that in order to work, or he is offering the funeral prayer,
because of the hadeeth the soundness of which is agreed upon, “I have been
commanded to prostrate on seven bones, and not to roll or tuck up my garment
or hair.” The reason why that is not allowed when prostrating is that it is
contrary to proper focus and humility. End quote. 

In Kashshaaf al-Qinaa‘ (1/373), which is a Hanbali
book, it says: 

It is makrooh to roll or tuck up one’s garment. Some of the
scholars mentioned the reason for this prohibition as being that the hair
and so on prostrate with a person and it is makrooh to roll up the sleeves.
This was stated in al-Ri‘aayah, for the mentioned reason above. If he
does that - i.e., tucks up the hair and rolls up his garment and so on,
because of some work that he was doing before the prayer, it is makrooh for
him to leave them like that, because of what is stated above, and because of
the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas, according to which he saw ‘Abd-Allah ibn
al-Haarith praying with his hair braided at the back. He stood up and undid
his braid. When ‘Abd-Allah had finished praying, he came to Ibn ‘Abbaas and
said: What have you to do with my head? He said: I heard the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) say: “The likeness of such a one
is that of a person who prays when he is tied up. Narrated by Muslim. End

But the Maalikis only regard that as makrooh in the case of
one who does that for the prayer. But if that is how he was before he
prayed, or he did that for the purpose of work, then it is not makrooh for
him. The majority of scholars -- as stated above -- are of the view that it
is makrooh in all cases. 

In Sharh Mukhtasar Khaleel by al-Kharashi (1/250),
which is a Maaliki book, it says: 

It is makrooh for one who is praying to roll up his sleeves
or wrap them around his arm (if they are wide), because that is a kind of
distraction from proper focus (khushoo ‘). That applies if he did that in
order to pray. But if that is how he dresses or it was for the purpose of
work, then the time for prayer came and he prayed like that, then it is not
makrooh for him, as was stated by Ibn Yoonus, because the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I have been commanded to prostrate on
seven parts and not to tuck up my hair or garment.” And he said that the
prohibition on that only applies if one does that deliberately before
praying. End quote. See al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 12/34 


With regard to the hadeeth mentioned in the question, which
is the hadeeth of Abu Juhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

I saw Bilaal bring out an iron-tipped spear and set it up,
and the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) came
out wearing a suit that was rolled or tucked up. He prayed two rak‘ahs,
facing the spear, and I saw people and animals passing in front of the

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5768) in a chapter entitled: Rolling
or tucking up one’s garment. He also narrated a longer version (no. 376) and
it was also narrated by Muslim (no. 503). 

Imam al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Rolled or
tucked up means that it came to mid-calf or thereabouts, as he said in the
previous report: It is as if I can see the whiteness of his shins. End

Sharh Muslim, 4/220-221 

This hadeeth does not contradict what is mentioned above, and
we can answer that in many ways, such as the following: 


It may be understood that the Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) tucked up his garment to show that it is permissible, and
that does not contradict its being makrooh, because it is possible that the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did some things that are
makrooh in order to show that they do not reach the level of being haraam;
rather they are makrooh only; therefore that action is not makrooh in his
case (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). 


It may be that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) came out to his companions with his garment tucked up as it says
in the hadeeth, then when he wanted to pray, he let it down and got ready to
pray, but the narrator did not mention that and did not mention anything to
indicate that this was not so either. 


The rolling or tucking up mentioned here does not refer to
the sleeves, and it does not refer to rolling up the sleeves, as is the view
of the author, because tashmeer (rolling or tucking up) does not
apply only to the sleeves; rather it may also refer to tucking up the hem of
the garment and so on. It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (12/32):
Tashmeer (rolling or tucking up) may mean rolling or tucking up the
izaar (lower garment or waist wrapper) or thawb (garment). End quote. And
this is what is referred to here, i.e., tucking up the garment so that the
calf or shin is uncovered. This is what is mentioned in the hadeeths, as in
the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (3566): The Messenger of Allah (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) came out and it is as if I [the narrator]
can see the whiteness of his shins - i.e., because he tucked up his garment
and they became visible. Hence when al-Bukhaari narrated the hadeeth in a
chapter entitled Rolling or tucking up the garment, al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may
Allah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the chapter heading: This means
lifting up the lower part of the garment. Then he said: From this it may be
understood that the prohibition on tucking up the garment when praying
applies to something other than the hem of the garment. It is possible that
this happened coincidently or that it was during a journey, which is the
situation in which the garment may be rolled up. End quote. Fath al-Baari,

There are other scholarly views, but perhaps what we have
mentioned here is the strongest and most correct of these views. 

And Allah knows best.

Important note to learn and read quran online

Online Quran Tutor is the one who comes into mind when someone says to learn Holy Quran online or learning the Quran with the right pronunciation. The Holy Quran is the word of Allah Ta’ala and recitation of the Quran is a sensitive matter. We have to listen quran with full attention and read quran online with the perfection and it is suppose to be read, there are many places in the Quran which have to be recited with care and attention because if someone recites them with the wrong pronunciation, the whole context and meaning of the verse get changed. its the beauty of every Muslim parent to carry on with the teaching of Islam and letting there kids to learn quran 

No comments:

Post a Comment