Is there any report which speaks of reading Soorat al-Sajdah and Soorat al-Mulk between Maghrib and ‘Isha’? or about reciting three verses of Soorat al-An’aam immediately after Fajr prayer?.
Praise be to Allaah.
replying to this question, we must establish an important point about the
virtues of certain soorahs.
fabricated ahaadeeth about the virtues of various soorahs which have been
falsely attributed to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him). Among the most famous of those who are known for that
are the following:
1 – Nooh
ibn Abi Maryam al-Jaami’, of whom it was said: He encompassed everything
except the truth. He regarded it as permissible to tell lies in hadeeth in
the interests of the religion, and he made up ahaadeeth by himself and
attributed them to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) concerning the virtues of the soorahs of the Qur’aan, soorah by
al-Husayn ibn Hurayth al-Marwazi said: It was said to Abu ‘Ismah – i.e.,
Nooh ibn Abi Maryam - : “From where do you get (a hadeeth) from ‘Ikrimah
from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) concerning the virtues of
the Qur’aan soorah by soorah, when the companions of ‘Ikrimah have no such
hadeeth?” He said: “I saw that the people had turned away from the Qur’aan
and were distracted by the fiqh of Abu Haneefah and the Maghaazi of Muhammad
ibn Ishaaq, so I made up this hadeeth, seeing reward.”
al-Haakim in al-Madkhal (p. 54); Ibn al-Jawzi in al-Mawdoo’aat
(16). Its isnaad is saheeh.
Maysarah ibn ‘Abd Rabbihi al-Faarisi, of whom Ibn Hibbaan said in
al-Majrooheen (2/345, no. 1038): He is the author of a lengthy hadeeth
about the virtues of the Qur’aan, in which it says: “Whoever recites such
and such will have such and such.”
Lisaan al-Meezaan (7/198) by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar it says: In
al-Du’aafa’, Ibn Hibbaan narrated from Ibn Mahdi that he said: I said to
Maysarah ibn ‘Abd Rabbihi: “From where did you get these ahaadeeth, ‘Whoever
recites such and such will have such and such’?” He said: “I made them up in
order to encourage the people.”
examples of people who made up false ahaadeeth and attributed them to the
Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for a purpose
that they thought fit, by means of which Iblees deceived them.
scholars drew attention to the fact that the ahaadeeth which list the
virtues of all the soorahs of the Qur’aan soorah by soorah, are not proven.
Among those who drew attention to that was al-Mawsili in al-Mughni ‘an
al-Hifz wa’l-Kitaab (1/121). He said: And he narrated: “Whoever recites
such and such will have such and such… from the beginning of the Qur’aan to
the end. Ibn al-Mubaarak said: I think this was fabricated by the zindeeqs
(heretics). The editor – i.e., al-Mawsili – said: There is no saheeh report
was also drawn to this by Ibn al-Qayyim in al-Manaar al-Muneef (p.
113-144) and Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd in al-Tahdeeth bima qeela Laa yasahhu
fihi hadeeth (p. 122-123). He added: It should be noted that the virtues
of the Holy Qur’aan and the virtues of certain soorahs and verses are known
from saheeh texts which are attributed to the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him). What Ibn al-Mubaarak and those who came
after him meant was to discuss the lengthy ahaadeeth which discuss the
soorahs of the Qur’aan soorah by soorah, such as the hadeeth which is
attributed to Ubayy ibn Ka’b (may Allaah be pleased with him), which was
quoted by some of the mufassireen – such as al-Tha’labi, al-Waahidi and
al-Zamakhshari – in their Tafseers, which is fabricated. This is what
is meant by the discussions of Ibn al-Mubaarak and others. And Allaah knows
best. End quote.
to the ahaadeeth that you asked about, the answer is as follows:
the first hadeeth:
narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:
The Messenger of Allaah (S) said: “Whoever reads ‘Alif‑Laam‑Meem. The
revelation of the Book’ [al-Mulk 67] and ‘Blessed be He in Whose Hand
is the dominion’ [al-Sajdah 32], between Maghrib and ‘Isha’, it is as if
he spent Laylat al-Qadr in prayer.”
quoted by al-Suyooti in al-Durr al-Manthoor (6/535) at the beginning
of Soorat al-Sajdah. He said: “Ibn Mardawayh narrated from Ibn ‘Umar …” and
quoted it in Rooh al-Ma’aani (21/116) from al-Suyooti, then he said:
A similar report was narrated by him – meaning al-Suyooti – and al-Waahidi
from the hadeeth of Ubayy ibn Ka’b, and by al-Tha’labi from the hadeeth of
Ibn ‘Abbaas. Wali al-Deen commented on that by saying: “I do not agree with
that; all of these reports are fabricated.” End quote.
versions of the hadeeth have been narrated, some of which are general in
meaning and do not specify a time for reading, and some of which do specify
a time, as in the report of Ibn ‘Umar. It has been narrated as marfoo’ and
mawqoof. Al-Ghaafiqi mentioned them in Lamahaat al-Anwaar (1127,
1129, 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1144, 1146), except the report of Ibn ‘Umar.
on the second hadeeth:
narrated via two isnaads:
From Ibn ‘Abbaas (may
Allaah be pleased with him) in a marfoo’ report: “Whoever recites when he
prays Fajr three verses from the beginning of Soorat al-An’aam up to the
words (interpretation of the meaning): ‘and He knows what you earn (good
or bad)’ [al-An’aam 6:3], forty thousand angels will come down to him
and the like of their deeds will be written for him. And there will be sent
to him an angel from seven heavens with an iron rod, and if the shaytaan
instils any evil in his heart he will strike him until there will be seventy
veils between him and him. When the Day of Resurrection comes, Allaah will
say: ‘I am your Lord and you are My slave, walk in My shade, and drink from
al-Kawthar, and wash in al-Salsabeel, and enter
Paradise without being brought to account or punished.’”
mentioned by al-Suyooti in al-Durr al-Manthoor (3/245-246). He said:
al-Salafi narrated it with a unreliable isnaad from Ibn ‘Abbaas as a marfoo’
report, and al-Ghaafiqi mentioned it in Lamahaat al-Anwaar (941).
It was narrated that
Ibn Mas’ood said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays Fajr in congregation and sits in
his prayer place, and recites three verses from the beginning of Soorat
al-An’aam, Allaah will appoint seventy angels for him who will glorify
Allaah and pray for forgiveness for him until the Day of Resurrection.”
quoted by al-Suyooti in al-Durr al-Manthoor (3/246) and he attributed
it to al-Daylami and al-Ghaafiqi in Lamahaat al-Anwaar (935) in a
version close to that of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas.
said in Rooh al-Ma’aani (7/76), after quoting a number of ahaadeeth
and reports about Soorat al-An’aam, including the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas and
Ibn Mas’ood: And there are other reports, but most of that is da’eef (weak)
and some of it is mawdoo’ (fabricated), as is obvious. End quote.
There is no
proven hadeeth which speaks of the virtues of Soorat al-An’aam.
to Soorat al-Sajdah and al-Mulk, there is no proven report about reading
them between Maghrib and ‘Isha’, but there is a proven report about the
virtue of reciting Soorat al-Sajdah in Fajr prayer on Friday.
Al-Bukhaari (891) and Muslim (880) narrated
that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite in Fajr prayer on
Friday: “Alif‑Laam‑Meem. The revelation…” [al-Sajdah 32] and “Has
there not been over man a period of time…” [al-Insaan 76] .
concerning the virtue of Soorat al-Mulk, it is narrated that it may be
recited when going to sleep or in general. Al-Tirmidhi (2891), Abu Dawood
(1400) and Ibn Maajah (3786) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be
pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: There is a soorah in the Qur’aan, with thirty verses, which
will intercede for its companion [the one who recites it] until he is
forgiven: “Tabaarak allaadhi bi yadihi’l-mulk (Blessed be He in Whose
Hand is the dominion)” [al-Mulk,
soorah 67]. Al-Tirmidhi said: This is a hasan hadeeth.
said in al-Talkhees (1/234): al-Bukhaari stated that there is a
problem with it in al-Tareekh al-Kabeer by noting that it is not
known that ‘Abbaas al-Jashami (who is the one who narrated it from Abu
Hurayrah) heard it from Abu Hurayrah. End quote.
classed as hasan by al-Albaani in some places and as saheeh in others. See:
Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah, Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood. Before him
al-Mundhiri said: It was narrated by Abu Dawood, by al-Tirmidhi, who
classed it as hasan and this version was narrated by him, and by al-Nasaa’i,
Ibn Maajah, Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh, and by al-Haakim who said its
isnaad is saheeh.
(2892) narrated from Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not sleep until
he had recited “Alif‑Laam‑Meem. The revelation…” [al-Sajdah 32] and
“Has there not been over man a period of time…” [al-Insaan 76]
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.