There is a woman whose husband has died, and she wants to travel for Hajj during the ‘iddah. Is that permissible for her? Please note that she has already performed the obligatory Hajj.
Praise be to Allaah.
The woman whose husband has died must observe ‘iddah for four
months and ten days, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And those of you who die and leave wives behind them,
they (the wives) shall wait (as regards their marriage) for four months and
During the ‘iddah she must mourn for her husband.
Al-Bukhaari (1280) and Muslim (1486) narrated that Umm
Habeebah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: I heard the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “It is not
permissible for a woman who believes in Allaah and the Last Day to mourn for
anyone who dies for more than three days, except for a husband, for whom she
should mourn for four months and ten days.”
In the answer to question no.
13966 we have stated the things
that the woman whose husband had died must avoid during the ‘iddah period.
These include: going out of the house.
She should not go out during the day except in cases of need,
and she should not go out at night except in cases of necessity.
Her going out for Hajj is not regarded as a necessity,
especially since the woman asked about here has already performed the
Rather the scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) have
stated that it is not permissible for her to go out to perform the
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in
The woman who is observing ‘iddah following the death of her
husband has no right to go out for Hajj or for any other purpose. That was
narrated from ‘Umar and ‘Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with them). It was
also the view of Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib, al-Qaasim, Maalik, al-Shaafa’i, Abu
‘Ubayd, ashaab al-ra’y and al-Thawri.
If she went out and her
husband died on the road, she should go back if she is still close to home,
because she comes under the ruling of one who is not travelling. If she is
far from home, she may continue her journey. Maalik said: She should go back
so long as she has not entered ihraam.
The fact that she should go back if she is close to home is
indicated by the report narrated by Sa’eed ibn Mansoor from Sa’eed ibn
al-Musaayib, who said: Some husbands died, whose wives were performing Hajj
or ‘Umrah, and ‘Umar sent them back from Dhu’l-Hulayfah so that they could
observe ‘iddah in their houses…
If a woman has not yet
performed the obligatory Hajj and her husband dies, she is still obliged to
observe ‘iddah in her house, even if she misses Hajj, because ‘iddah in the
house is a one-off event for which there is no alternative, whereas Hajj may
be done another year. End quote.
It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (29/352):
The majority of Hanafi, Shaafa’i and Hanbali fuqaha’ are of
the view that it is not permissible for a woman who is observing ‘iddah
following the death of her husband to go out for Hajj, because the
opportunity for Hajj will come again, whereas ‘iddah is a one-off event. End
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was
asked about a woman whose husband died and the opportunity to perform the
obligatory Hajj came when she was still in mourning, but she was able for it
and could afford it, and she had a mahram. Should she perform Hajj or not?
She should not perform Hajj, rather she should stay in her
house. In this situation Hajj is not obligatory for her, because Allaah, may
He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is
a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for
one’s conveyance, provision and residence)”
[Aal ‘Imraan 3:97]
This woman is not able to
do it according to sharee’ah, even if she has a mahram, so she should delay
it for one or two years, according to what she is able to do. End quote.